The Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement:
Roles of and Impacts on Non-Hawaiians

By Anthony Castanha, August 1996


To search for and order books online, try: Amazon Books, Simon & Schuster's SuperStore, or the Hawaii Book Publishers Association

American Friends Service Committee, He Alo A He Alo: Face to Face (Hawaiian Voices on Sovereignty), Honolulu: The Hawai'i Area Office of the American Friends Service Committee, 1993.

_____. A Testimony of Self-Determination, Hawai'i Area Program Committee, December 18, 1992.

The Apology Bill, Public Law 103-150, 103d Congress, Joint Resolution, November 23, 1993.

Bartelson, Jens, A Genealogy of Sovereignty, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Bell, Roger, Last Among Equals: Hawaiian Statehood and American Politics, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1984.

Blaisdell, Kekuni, Ka Pakaukau's Position Statements, July 15, 1993.

_____. Letter from Ka Pakaukau to the members of the Sovereignty Elections Council (SEC), January 31, 1995.

_____. "1995 Update on Kanaka Maoli (Indigenous Hawaiian) Health," Revised abstract of a paper presented at the Asian American and Pacific Islander Health Summit, San Francisco: June 21-24, 1995.

Boyle, Francis Anthony, Addressing the Hawaiian Sovereignty Advisory Commission regarding U.S. Public Law 103-150--the Hawaii Apology Bill--and its implications for the Restoration of the Independent Nation State of Hawai'i under International Law, Honolulu: December 28, 1993.

Cleveland, Grover, Written Address to the United States Senate and House of Representatives, Washington: December 18, 1893.

Connell, John, "New Caledonia: The Matignon Accord and the Colonial Future," RIAP Occasional Paper No. 5, University of Sydney: Research Institute for Asia and the Pacific, 1988.

Dudley, Michael Kioni, and Keoni Kealoha Agard, A Call for Hawaiian Sovereignty, Honolulu: Na Kane O Ka Malo Press, 1990.

Daws, Gavan, Shoal of Time: A History of the Hawaiian Islands, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1974.

Galtung, Johan, Sovereignty, Independence, and the Position of Non-Hawaiians, Matsunaga Institute for Peace: 1995 Spring Symposia Series, University of Hawai'i, February 22, 1995.

Hannum, Hurst, Autonomy, Sovereignty, and Self-Determination: The Accommodation of Conflicting Rights, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1990.

Hasager, Ulla, and Jonathan Friedman, eds., Hawai'i: Return to Nationhood, Copenhagen: 1994.

Hawai'i Admission Act, Public Law 86-3, 73 Stat 4, March 18, 1959.

Hawaii Advisory Committee, Report to the United States Commission on Civil Rights, A Broken Trust--The Hawaiian Homelands Program: Seventy Years of Failure of the Federal and State Governments to Protect the Civil Rights of Native Hawaiians, December 1991.

Hawai'i Home Rule Party for Free Association, "General Briefing Outline," February 11, 1995.

_____. "General Briefing Outline," November 12, 1995.

Hawaiian Sovereignty Advisory Commission, Final Report, Honolulu: February 18, 1994.

Hawaiian Sovereignty Economic Symposium, Questionnaire Responses, Honolulu: Prepared by Kenya Information Services, May 5, 1993.

Hawaiian Sovereignty Elections Council, A Call for Hawaiian Unity (Setting the Record Straight), June 1996.

_____. "Position on Plebiscite," January 1995.

The Honolulu Board of Realtors, Oahu Housing Trends, Second Quarter, 1995.

Howard, Michael C., ed., Ethnicity and Nation-building in the Pacific, Tokyo: The United Nations University, 1989.

Hui Na'auao, "Models of Sovereignty-Critical Analysis," December 1994.

Japanese American Citizens League, Report to the JACL Board of Directors, Committee on Self-Determination/Sovereignty, September 17, 1993. (See also 1992 JACL National Convention Resolution)

Ka Lahui Hawai'i, A Compilation of Sovereignty Educational Materials, 1993.

_____. Ho'okupu a Ka Lahui Hawai'i: The Master Plan, 1995.

_____. "Symposium for Sovereignty," Honolulu: February 20, 1995.

Ka Pakaukau, Ka Mana O Ka 'Aina (The Power of the Land), Newsletter of the Pro-Kanaka Maoli Independence Working Group, January 15, 1995.

_____. "Ka Pakaukau's Position on Five Issues" (Revision), Presented for Hui Na'auao Sovereignty Panels, December 10-18, 1994.

Kamehameha VI, Letter of greetings from the restored Kingdom of Hawai'i, Honolulu: June 7, 1992.

Kauahi, Herbert Holt, "The World's Best Kept Secret: Kamehameha III Probate Trust," 'Iolani, July 1993.

Kent, Noel J., Hawaii: Islands Under the Influence, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1993.

Laenui, Poka, Hawaiian Indigenous Rights, Decolonization & Democratic Ideals: A tough balancing act! Paper presented for Multi-Culturalism in Global Perspective Public Lecture Series, Program for Cultural Studies, East-West Center, Honolulu: July 1994.

_____. A Report to the People of Hawai'i via the Hawai'i State Legislature, Another View on the Subject of Hawaiian Sovereignty and Self-Determination, 1994.

_____. Straight Talk on Hawaiian Sovereignty, Honolulu: Institute for the Advancement of Hawaiian Affairs, June 1994.

Levi, Werner, Contemporary International Law: A Concise Introduction, Boulder/ Oxford: Westview Press, 1991.

Lili'uokalani, Hawaii's Story by Hawaii's Queen, Honolulu: Mutual Publishing, 1990.

MacKenzie, Melody Kapilialoha, ed., Native Hawaiian Rights Handbook, Honolulu: Native Hawaiian Legal Corporation/Office of Hawaiian Affairs, 1991.

McGregor, Davianna Pomaika'i, Sovereignty: Hawaiians and Locals, Paper presented at the Association of Asian American Studies Conference, University of Michigan, 1994.

Morin, Jose Luis, "Questions and Answers about Plebiscites and Decolonization," Unpublished paper, December 8, 1995.

Nation of Hawai'i, Proclamation Restoring the Independence of the Sovereign Nation-State of Hawai'i, Honolulu: January 16, 1994.

Native Hawaiians Study Commission (Volume I), Report on the culture, needs and concerns of Native Hawaiians, Pursuant to Public Law 96-565, Title III, Honolulu: 1983.

Office of Hawaiian Affairs, A pamphlet on the establishment and functions of OHA, A Publication of the Public Information Office, OHA, 1993.

_____. "Creation and Purpose of OHA," Fact Sheet, July 1992.

Ofuatey-Kojoe, W., The Principle of Self-Determination in International Law, New York: Nellen Publishing Company, 1977.

Okamura, Jonathan Y., Why There Are No Asian Americans in Hawai'i: The Continuing Significance of Local Identity, Paper presented at the Ninth National Conference of the Association for Asian American Studies, San Jose, California: May 28-31, 1992.

The People's International Tribunal, "Introduction to the Verdict of the International People's Tribunal Hawai'i, August 1993," Ka Ho'okolokolonui Kanaka Maoli, October 1, 1995.

Pomerance, Michla, Self-Determination in Law and Practice, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1982.

Rohter, Ira, A Green Hawai'i: A Sourcebook for Development Alternatives, Honolulu: Na Kane O Ka Malo Press, 1992.

Roth, Randall W., ed., The Price of Paradise (Volume II), Honolulu: Mutual Publishing, 1993.

_____, host, The Price of Paradise Radio Show, Hawai'i Public Radio, August 13, 1995.

Sherry, Paul, President, United Church of Christ, An Apology to Na Kanaka Maoli, Kaumakapili Church, Honolulu: January 17, 1993.

State of Hawai'i, State Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism, The State of Hawaii Data Book: 1993-1994 (A Statistical Abstract).

Takaki, Ronald, Pau Hana: Plantation Life and Labor in Hawaii (1835-1920), Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1983.

Trask, Haunani-Kay, "The Birth of the Modern Hawaiian Movement: Kalama Valley, O'ahu," The Hawaiian Journal of History, Honolulu: Hawaiian Historical Society, 1987.

_____. From a Native Daughter: Colonialism and Sovereignty in Hawai'i, Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press, 1993.

Umozurike, Oji Umozurike, Self-Determination in International Law, Connecticut: The Shoe String Press, Inc., 1972.

United Nations, Everyone's United Nations, New York: United Nations Publications, 1979.

Winslow, Donna, "Kanaky: Mid-way Point to the Matignon Accords," Fourth World Bulletin, July 1994.

Wolfers, Edward P., "Colonialism and Decolonization in the South-West Pacific: Issues and Options for the Twenty-First Century," A Paper presented at the Pacific Regional Seminar, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea: June 1993.

United Nations Documents

United Nations Charter, chapter XI, Article 73, Declaration Regarding Non-Self-Governing Territories, 1945.

United Nations General Assembly, Resolution 66 (I), List of Non-Self-Governing Territories enumerated in General Assembly resolution 66 (I), December 14, 1946.

_____. Resolution 742 (VIII), Factors which should be taken into account in deciding whether a Territory is or is not a Territory whose people have not yet attained a full measure of self-government, November 27, 1953.

_____. Resolution 1469 (XIV), Cessation of the transmission of information under Article 73e of the Charter in respect of Alaska and Hawaii, December 12, 1959.

_____. Resolution 1514 (XV), Declaration on the granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples, December 14, 1960.

_____. Resolution 1541 (XV), Principles which should guide Members in determining whether or not an obligation exists to transmit the information called for under Article 73e of the Charter, December 15, 1960. United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Populations, Draft Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, 1993.

Newspaper Articles

Honolulu Advertiser

Honolulu Star-Bulletin

Ka Leo O Hawai'i March 7, 1996

Ka Wai Ola O OHA


Marion Kelly (mkelly@hawaii.edu) - June 29, 1995
Lynette Cruz (lcruz@hawaii.edu) - October 20, 1995
Poka Laenui (plaenui@pixi.com) - October 24, 1995
Kekuni Blaisdell - October 28, 1995
Ku'umealoha Gomes (lgomes@hawaii.edu) - November 4, 1995
Kekula Bray Crawford (kekula@aloha.net) - November 7, 1995
Michael Kioni Dudley - November 7, 1995
Kina'u Boyd Kamali'i - November 13, 1995
Michael Hansen - November 17, 1995
Herbert Holt Kauahi - November 20, 1995
Louis Agard - November 21, 1995
Kamaki Kanahele - November 27, 1995
H.K. Bruss Keppeler - December 13, 1995
William Meheula - December 15, 1995
Mililani Trask - December 15, 1995
Lilikala Kame'eleihiwa - February 12, 1996
Kekula Bray Crawford (kekula@aloha.net) - April 30, 1996
Mililani Trask - June 19, 1996

The Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement:
Roles of and Impacts on Non-Hawaiians

By Anthony Castanha, August 1996